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Grand Strategy

Grand strategy is a general term for a broad statement of strategic action. A grand strategy states the means that will be used to achieve long-term objectives. Examples of business grand strategies that can be customized for a specific firm include: concentration, market development, product development, innovation, horizontal integration, divestiture, and liquidation.

In a government context, Paul Kennedy defines grand strategy as "the capacity of the nation's leaders to bring together all of the elements [of power], both military and nonmilitary, for the preservation and enhancement of the nation's long-term (that is, in wartime and peacetime) best interests." From this perspective, grand strategy requires the articulation of both policy goals and interim objectives, as well as a broad definition of power that extends beyond the use of the military forces.

Military strategist B. H. Liddell-Hart defined grand strategy as a plan "to co-ordinate and direct all the resources of [an organization] towards the attainment of ... [a] goal defined by fundamental policy."

from Kennedy, P., Grand Strategies in War and Peace, 1991, also Profs. K.C. Johnson and S. P. Remy, CUNY.

Liddell-Hart, B.H., "Fundamentals of Strategy and Grand Strategy," Strategy, 1967, p. 322. Check Chris Wells at

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