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Exploit the "fog of war"

"Fog of war" is the name given to the lack of knowledge that occurs during a war. Most importantly it refers to each side's uncertainty about the enemy's capabilities and plans, but it also includes the chaos that can occur in one's own forces, for instance when a unit misinterprets its orders, or takes a wrong turn and becomes lost.

The Prussian military analyst Karl von Clausewitz wrote: "The great uncertainty of all data in war is a peculiar difficulty, because all action must, to a certain extent, be planned in a mere twilight, which in addition not unfrequently like the effect of a fog or moonshine gives to things exaggerated dimensions and unnatural appearance."

Gesamtbegriff einer allgemeinen Friktion

Carl Von Clausewitz, On War, eds. Michael Howard and Peter Paret, Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 1976, p. 138.

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