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Welcome to PlanningSkills.COM

This website focuses on a wide variety of topics related to organization and individual planning situations. The primary focus is business planning.

Planning is an anticipatory decision making process that involves situation analysis, forecasting outcomes and events, evaluating alternative courses of action, anticipating consequences and considering implementation issues and contingencies. Planning often begins with asking one or more questions, for example: What if ...? Could we ...? Do we ...? Is it possible...? How should we respond ...? How can we ...? Is it feasible to ...?

In general, planning is a proactive process that is intended to help individuals, groups and organizations achieve performance objectives.

Featured Glossary Term

Industry Types

Industries have been classified in various ways. Some of the more common types of industries include: emergining industries, maturing industries, mature industries and declining industries.

Industries can be either concentrated or fragmented. Also we can describe an industry in terms of it market scope or geographic reach. Some industries are global in scope and others are more country focused, regional or even highly localized.

Featured Planning Tip

Unity of command

The general rule is that for every objective, ensure unity of effort under one responsible commander or supervisor.

The US Incident Command system protocol specifies "Each individual participating in the operation reports to only one supervisor. This eliminates the potential for individuals to receive conflicting orders from a variety of supervisors, thus increasing accountability, preventing freelancing, improving the flow of information, helping with the coordination of operational efforts, and enhancing operational safety."

In a planning situation, it is important to establish a command or authority hierarchy. A specific individual must accept personal accountability for approving plans and actions.

This tip is sometimes interpreted as "have one boss" and that is the general thrust. The commander can delegate, but it is important to know who is in command in a situation.

A person should have one and only one manager to whom he or she is directly responsible.

Each person in an organization should take orders from and report to only one person.

There are situations where this principle is not followed, "such as when a project team is created to work on a special project. In such cases, team members report to their immediate supervisor and also to a team project leader. Another example is when a sales representative reports to both an immediate district supervisor and a marketing specialist, who is coordinating the introduction of a new product, in the home office.",articleId-8876.html

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Copyright © 2004-15 by D. J. Power (see his home page). PlanningSkills.COMsm is maintained by Alexander P. and Daniel J. Power. Please contact them at with questions. See disclaimer and privacy statement. This page was last modified on December 8, 2015.